Polycystic ovaries are described by the existence of numerous small cysts (fluid filled swellings) around the surface of the ovaries. The cysts are quite small ranging from 2 to 8 mm. Polycystic ovaries are generally bigger than normal ovaries and their chief substance is usually thicker.
The exact reason has yet to be determined for polycystic ovary syndrome. Polycystic ovary syndrome is perhaps a genetic condition. There has been one exact gene concerned and two others also appear to be involved. Premature bald-headed in men is often a appearance of the same gene that results in PCOS in women.
Women with PCOS are 50% more likely to have a child(male or female) who display symptoms of disorder.
It should really be seen as a metabolic disorder affecting men as well as women across the lifespan, rather than a female reproductive disorder with metabolic features.
PCOS is not an automatic diagnosis of infertility
Being diagnosed with PCOS doesn’t necessarily mean that you will have issues conceiving. In fact many women are diagnosed with PCOS after giving birth.
Roughly 30% of women with PCOS who desire pregnancy will become pregnant without ovulation inductors or assisted reproduction techniques.
Proposed Infertility treatment for PCOS:
- Ovulation induction
- Lifestyle intervention including diet
- Clomiphene citrate
- Laparoscopic drilling
- Aromatase inhibitors
- Gastric banding
IVF/ICSI: ICSI works almost exactly like the IVF procedure, except the fertilization process. In IVF the fertilization process happens in a disc but in ICSI the sperm is injected in the egg individually using a machine called micromanipulator.
You can get the best IVF/ICSI fertility treatment Chandigarh and Mohali from our clinic. In our unit we also believe in doing ICSI on patients who have had previous history of tuberculosis or endometriosis as we believe it gives better fertilization rates than standard IVF (this is a personal experience not supported by international literature).